Sources and Bibliography

Museums, Archives, Historians and Historical Societies

Ashford Public Library, Ashford, Connecticut (Barbara Matsack, Town Clerk)

Beverly Historical Society, Beverly, Massachusetts (

Braintree Museum, Braintree, Essex, England (

Braintree Historical Society, Braintree, Massachusetts (

British National Archives, Kew, Surrey, England (

British Public Library, London, England (

Boston Public Library, Boston, Massachusetts (

California State Library - Sutro Library, San Francisco, California

California State University Maritime Academy Library, Vallejo, California (

Canadian Museum of History / Musée Canadien de l’Histoire (

Canadian Museum of History / The Meta Incognita Project

Danvers Archival Center, Peabody Institute Library, Danvers, Massachusetts (

Martha’s Vineyard Museum and Historical Society (Bowdoin Van Ripper, Historian) (

Massachusetts Archives, Boston, Massachusetts (

Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts (

New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, Massachusetts (

Newbury Town Library, Byfield, Massachusetts (

Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts (

Salem Public Library, Salem, Massachusetts (

San Rafael Public Library, San Rafael, California (

Society of Mayflower Descendants Library, Oakland, California ( (Historians: Pat Friesen, Myrtle Savage and Linda Longley)

Yale University Library, New Haven, Connecticut (


A Gloucestershire and Bristol Atlas - A selection of old maps and places from the 16th to the 19th century. Printed for the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society. London and Bristol: Percy Lund, Humphries & Col Ltd., 1961

Adams, Charles Francis. Three Episodes of Massachusetts History. Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, The Riverside Press, 1892. (Digitized by Google.)

Adams, James Truslow. The Founding of New England. Boston. The Atlantic Monthly Press, 1921. (Digitized by Google.)

Ames, Azel. The Mayflower and Her Log - July 15, 1620 - May 6, 1661. Boston & New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, The Riverside Press, 1901. (Digitized by Google.)

Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635. Boston: Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999-2007

Anderson, Virginia DeJohn. New England’s Generation. Cambridge UK/New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991

Arber, Edward. The Story of The Pilgrim Fathers 1606-1623 AD as told by Themselves, their Friends, and their Enemies. London: Ward and Downey, Ltd., Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1897. (Digitized by Google.)

Arts and Entertainment (A&E): The History Channel. “The Great Ships, The Galleons,” video no. AAE-40042

Ashwell, Winifred. Essex and the Lyon. England: D & M Harrison, 1981

Bancroft, George. History of the Colonization of the United States. Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1841. (Digitized by Google.)

Bangs, Jeremy. Indian Deeds. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2002

Banks, Edward. The Winthrop Fleet of 1630. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co, IN, 1989

Barrera, Sandra. “Adventures along the Silk Road,” Press Telegram, pC7, December 27, 2013

Baxter, James Phinney. Christopher Levett of York, The Pioneer Colonist in Casco Bay. Printed for the Gorges Society, Portland, ME, 1893. (Digitized by Google.)

————. Sir Ferdinando Gorges and His Province of Maine. Three volumes. Boston: Prince Society, 1890. (Digitized by Google.)

Bolton, Charles Knowles. The Founders -Portraits of Persons Born Abroad Who Came to the Colonies in North America Before the Year 1701. Boston: The Boston Athenaeum, 1919. (Digitized by Google.)

————. The Real Founders of New England. Baltimore, MD: Reprinted from Clearfield Company Inc. (1929) by Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc., 1989

Boyd, Percival. “Pedigrees with index of London citizens, abt. 1600-1800.” Manuscript, filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1954

Bradford, William. History of Plimouth Plantation. Edited by Charles Deane. Boston: Published for the Massachusetts Historical Society, Little, Brown, and Company, 1856. (Digitized by Google.)

————. History of Plimouth Plantation 1620-1647. Published for the Massachusetts Historical Society. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1912. (Digitized by Google.)

————. Bradford’s History of Plimouth Plantation - From the Original Manuscript. Electronic Version by Dr. Ted Hildebrandt. Boston: Wright & Potter Printing Co., State Printers, 1898, Wenham, MA: 2002

————. William Bradford’s Of Plymouth Plantation (Along with the full text of the Pilgrims’ Journals for their First Year at Plymouth). Edited by Caleb H. Johnson. Portland, ME: Xlibris Corporation, 2006

Brain, Jeffrey Phipps. Fort St. George, Archaeological Investigation of the 1607-1608 Popham Colony on the Kennebec River in Maine. Occasional Publications in Maine Archaeology, no. 12. Augusta, ME: The Maine State Museum and The Maine Historic Preservation Commission, 2007

Bremer, Francis J. John Winthrop, America’s Forgotten Founding Father. New York City: Oxford University Press, 2005

————. The Puritan Experiment, New England Society from Bradford to Edwards. Hanover and London: University Press of New England, 1995

Brown, Rev. Frederick. Abstracts of Somersetshire Wills. Etc. London, England: Privately printed for Frederick Arthur Crisp, 1888

Brown, Richard D. Massachusetts, A Bicentennial History. Published for the American Association for State and Local History, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. 1978

Burke, C.B. LL.D., Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland, Harrison, Pall Mall, Bookseller to The Queen and HRH the Prince of Wales, London, 1879

Burrage, Henry S. The Beginnings of Colonial Maine 1602-1658, Maine: Maine State Historian (Printed for the State), 1914. (Digitized by Google.)

Chatterton, Edward Keble. Ships and Ways of Other Days. London: Sidgewick & Jackson, Ltd., 1913

Cheever, George G. The Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth in New England in 1620. New York: John Wiley, 1849. (Digitized by Google.)

Chichester, Sir Francis and Gail Roberts. Atlas of Discovery. New York: Crown Publishers, 1973

Childs, David. The Warship Mary Rose, The Life & Times of King Henry VIII’s Flagship. London: Chatham Publishing, 2007

Clapp, David. Memories of Robert Clapp, 1630. Boston: Printed and Published by David Clapp, Jr., 1844. (Digitized by Google.)

Coffin, Robert P. Tristram. The Rivers of America: Kennebec, Cradle of Americans. Illustrated by Maitland de Gorgorza. New York; Toronto: Farrar & Rinehart, Inc., 1937

Collections of the Maine Historical Society, Vol. II. Portland, ME: Published for the Society, 1847. (Digitized by Google.)

Cranmer, Leon E. Cushnoc: The History and Archaeology of Plymouth Colony Traders on the Kennebec. Occasional Publications in Maine Archaeology, no. 7. Augusta, ME: The Maine State Museum and The Maine Historic Preservation Commission, 2007

Cutter, William Richard. New England Families - Genealogical and Memorial. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1915. (Digitized by Google.)

Endicott, Charles M. Memoir of John Endicott, First Governor of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay. Salem: Printed at the Observer Office, 1841. (Digitized by Google.)

Davies, Captain Robert [of the Mary and John]. Relation of a Voyage to Sagadahoc. London, 160?

Dean, John Ward. Captain John Mason. Boston: Prince Society, 1887. (Digitized by Google.)

Deetz, James, and Deetz, Patricia Scott. The Times of Their Lives - Life, Love, and Death in Plymouth Colony. New York: Random House, Anchor Books, 2000

Doherty, Kieran. Sea Venture. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2007

Dos Passos, John. The Portugal Story: Three Centuries of Exploration and Discovery, Doubleday & Company, Inc., Garden City, NY, 1969

Drake, S. G. The Old Indian Chronicle; Being a collection of exceeding rare tracts written and published in the time of King Philip’s War, by persons residing in the country; to which are now added marginal notes. Boston: Antiquarian Institute, 1836. (Digitized by Google.)

Dudley, Thomas. “Gov. Thomas Dudley’s Letter to the Countess of Lincoln, March 1631.” New Hampshire Historical Society, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Joshua Scottow Papers, 2007. Edited by John Farmer.

Eliot, Samuel Atkins, ed. Biographical History of Massachusetts - Biographies and Autobiographies of the Leading Men in the State. Boston, MA: Massachusetts Biographical Society, 1911. (Digitized by Google.)

Fiske, John. The Dutch and Quaker Colonies in America. Boston & New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1899

Freeman, Frederick. The History of Cape Cod: The Annals of Barnstable County includes The District of Mashpee. Printed for the author by Geo. C. Rand & Avery, 3 Cornhill, Boston, MA, 1838

Gaustad, Edwin, and Schmidt, Leigh. The Religious History of America. San Francisco: Harper Collins, 2002

————. Roger Williams. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press, 2005

Gifford, Clive. Illus. Cousens, David. 10 Explorers Who Changed the World, ©Macmillan Children’s Books, Kingfisher, New York, 2008

Glover, Lorri, and Smith, Daniel Blake. The Shipwreck that Saved Jamestowne, the Sea Venture Castaways and the Fate of America. New York: Henry Holt and Company, LLC, 2008

Gosse, Edmund. Ralegh. London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1886. (Digitized by Google.)

Greene, Francis B. History of Boothbay, Southport and Boothbay Harbor, Maine. 1623-1905 with Family Genealogies. Portland: Loring, Short, & Harmon, 1906. (Digitized by Google.)

Hakluyt, Richard. Principall Navigations, Voiages and Discoveries of the English Nation, 1589. Edited by Jack Beeching, London: Penguin Classics, Penguin Group, 1972

Hansen, Ann Natalie. The Dorchester Group, Puritanism and Revolution, printed for the author, Columbus, OH, 1987

Hickey, Jim. “Rural Legend of Viking Presence Endures,” Vineyard Gazette Blog, June 4, 2007,

Higginson, Thomas Wentworth. Life of Francis Higginson. Cambridge: Dodd, Mead and Co. University Press, 1891. (Digitized by Google.)

Howe, Daniel Wait. The Puritan Republic of the Massachusetts Bay in New England. Indianapolis: The Bowen-Merrill Company, 1879. (Digitized by Google.)

Hunnewell, James F. A Century of Town Life: A History of Charlestown, Massachusetts 1775-1887. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1888. (Digitized by Google.)

Hunter, Douglas. The Race to the New World; Christopher Columbus, John Cabot, and a Lost History of Discovery, Palgrave MacMillan academic press, St. Martin’s Press LLC, New York, NY, 10011. 2011

Hurd, Duane Hamilton, ed. The History of Essex County, Massachusetts with Biographical Sketches of Many of the Its Pioneers and Prominent Men. Philadelphia: J.W. Lewis and Co., 1888

Hosmer, James Kendall. Winthrop’s Journal - History of New England 1630-1649, 2 vol. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1908. (Digitized by Google.)

Jesse, John Heneage. Memoirs of the Court of England During the Reign of the Stuarts, Including the Protectorate. London: Richard Bentley, in Ordinary to Her Majesty, 1855. (Digitized by Google.)

Johnson, Caleb, ed. A Relation or Journal of the Beginnings and Proceedings of the English Plantation Settled at Plymouth in New England (commonly known as Mourt’s Relation). London: Printed for John Bellamie, 1622. (Digitized by Caleb Johnson, 2003)

Johnson, John. A History of the Towns of Bristol and Bremen in the State of Maine, Including the Pemaquid Settlement. Albany, NY: Joel Munsell, 1873

Karwoski, Gail Langer. Miracle, The True Story of the Wreck of the Sea Venture. Plain City, OH: Oxford Resources, Inc., Darby Creek Publishing, 2004

Kupperman, Karen Ordahl. Providence Island 1630-1641, The Other Puritan Colony. Cambridge University Press, 1995

Lavery, Brian. The Arming and Fitting of English Ships of War, 1600-1815. UK: Convoy Maritime Press, Naval Institute Press, 1989

Levermore, Charles Herbert. Forerunners and Competitors of the Pilgrims and Puritans, or Narratives of Voyages Made by Persons other than the Pilgrims and Puritans of the Bay Colony to the Shores of New England during the first Quarter of the Seventeenth Century, 1601-1625. Published for the New England Society of Brooklyn, New York. Jamaica, Queensborough, New York: The Marion Press, 1912. (Digitized by Google.)

Little, George, and Burrage, Henry, ed. Genealogical and Family History of the State of Maine. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1909. (Digitized by Google.)

Mariner’s Mirror, The Journal of the Society for Nautical Research. vol. 36, Cambridge: University Press, 1959

Mossiker, Frances. Pocahontas: The Life and the Legend. New York: Da Capo Press, 1996

Mountford, Kent. “History of John Smith’s Chesapeake map full of twists and turns,”, February 01, 2008

Noble, Frederick A. The Pilgrims. Boston: The Pilgrim Press, 1907. (Digitized by Google.)

Noll, Mark A. The Old Religion in a New World, The History of North American Christianity. Grand Rapids, Michigan/Cambridge UK: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2002

Noyes, Sybil; Libby, Charles T., and Davis, Walter G. Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1988

Orcutt, William Dana. Old Dorchester - A Narrative History of the Town 1630-1893. Cambridge: Published by the author, John Wilson & Son, University Press, 1893. (Digitized by Google.)

Palfrey, John Gorham. History of New England. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1882. (Digitized by Google.)

Perley, Sidney. The History of Salem, Massachusetts. 3 vol. Salem, 1924-1928

Philbrick, Nathaniel. Mayflower. New York: Penguin Group, 2006

Pope, Charles Henry. The Pioneers of Maine and New Hampshire, 1623-1660. Boston, Mass: Charles H. Pope, 1908. (Digitized by Google.)

————. The Plymouth Scrap Book - The Oldest Original Documents Extant in Plymouth Archives Printed Verbatim, Some Reproduced. Boston, MA: C. E. Goodspeed & Company, 1918. (Digitized by Google.)

Powell, John Williams Damer. Bristol Privateering and Ships of War. Bristol; London: J. W. Arrowsmith Ltd., 1930

Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, vol: XLV. Boston: Published by the Society, 1912

Purchas, Samuel. Hakluytus Posthumus, or Purchas His Pilgrims. London: 1625

Riess, Warren C. Angel Gabriel - The Elusive English Galleon. Bristol, ME: 1797 House, 2002

Rice, Douglas Walthew. The Life and Achievements of Sir John Popham, 1531-1607, Leading to the Establishment of the First English Colony in New England. UK: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 2005

Rosier, James. Relation of Waymouth’s Voyage of the Coast of Maine in 1605. Portland Maine: Gorges Society, 1887. Reproduced by Henry Sweetser Burrage. (Digitized by Google.)

Rose-Troup, Frances. John White, the Patriarch of Dorchester (Dorset) and the Founder of Massachusetts, 1575-1648: with an account of the early settlements in Massachusetts, 1620-1630. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1930

Rowse, A.L. Sir Richard Grenville of the Revenge: An Elizabethan Hero, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston & New York, 1937. [BPL 2542.80 Delivery Desk]

Sargent, Professor Walter. “Conauistadors to Planters, the Three Modes of Colonization, HTY103 Unit 2 Outline.” - University of Maine at Farmington

Sawyer, Joseph Dillaway. History of the Pilgrims and Puritans - Their Ancestry and Descendants. New York City: The Century History Company, Inc., 1922. (Digitized by Google.)

Schneider, Paul. The Enduring Shore - A History of Cape Cod, Martha’s Vineyard and Nantucket. New York: Henry Holt & Co. LLC, 2000

Shauger, Fredric. “Angouleme, The First European Name for New York,” New York Map Society, 2009. References to: Burden, Philip D., The Mapping of North America, Raleigh Publications, 1996, Number 16. Karrow, Jr. Robert W., Mapmakers of the Sixteenth Century and their Maps, Speculum Orbis Press, 1993, 30/60.

Sherwood, Mary B. Pilgrim, A Biography of William Brewster. Falls Church, Virginia: Great Oak Press of Virginia, 1982

Smith, Captain John. A Description of New England. London, England: Humphrey Lownes for Robert Clerke, 1616. (Digitized by Google.)

Spencer, Wilbur Daniel. Pioneers on Maine Rivers, with lists to 1651, compiled from the original sources. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1973

Strachey, Gent., William. The Historie of Travaile into Virginia Britannia; Expressing the Cosmographie and Comodities of the Country, Togither with the Manners and Customes of the People. Ms written c1609-1612, ed. R. H. Major, Esq. of the British Museum, published for the Haklyt Society, London, 1849

Sylvester, Herbert Milton. Olde Pemaquid. Boston: W. E. Clark Co, 1909

Tarducci, Francesco. The Life of Christopher Columbus. Part I, p.49, H.F. Brownson Publisher, Detroit, 1890

Thayer, Henry O. The Sagadahoc Colony - The Relation of a Voyage into New England. Portland, ME: The Gorges Society, 1892. (Digitized by Google.)

The Essex Antiquarian. vol 1. Salem, MA: The Essex Antiquarian, 1897. (Digitized by Google.)

The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. XXXI. Boston: Published at the Society’s House, Printed by David Clapp & Son, 1877. (Digitized by Google.)

Underhill, Lora Altine Woodbury. Descendants of Edward Small of New England and the Allied Families with Tracings of English Ancestry. Cambridge: Privately printed at The Riverside Press, 1910. (Digitized by Google.)

Venn, John, ed. Alumni Cantabrigienses - A Biographical List of All Known Students, Graduates and Holders of Office at the University of Cambridge, From the Earliest Times to 1900. Cambridge: University Press, 1922. (Digitized by Microsoft.)

Vollversten, Dorothy F. and Vollversten, Arthur H. “Captain William Peirce, Ancient Planter and Early Settler of Mulberry Island in Virginia,” Manuscript. R. Stanton Avery Special Collections Dept. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1972.

Waters, Thomas Franklin. Ipswich in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Salem, MA: Salem Press, Co. 1905. Reprinted by the Higginson Book Company.

Wheeler, George Augustus. History of Castine, Penobscot, and Brooksville, Maine: Including the Ancient Settlement of Pentagöet. Bangor, ME: Burr & Robinson, 1875

White, Katie, and Gallop, Roy. A Celebration of the Avon New Cut. Great Britain: Doveton Press, Fiducia Press, 2006

Wilson, Harold C. Gosnold’s Hope: The Story of Captain Bartholomew Gosnold. Tudor Publishers, Inc. Greensboro, NC, 2000

World Book Encyclopedia. Software MacKiev’s, 2008

Wujec, Tom. “Learn to use the 13th-century astrolabe,”, November, 2009. Video:

Young, Alexander. Chronicles of The First Planters of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 1623-1636. Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1840. (Digitized by Google.)


Internet Resources


Cabot, John. Mariner’s Museum:

Essex County, USA:

Incan bridges:

Maps: [compiled by Jim Siebold]



New England Genealogy:

Salem & Roger Conant:


Wampanoag Indians:

Winthrop, John:

Winthrop, John [Winthrop’s Journal Digitized]


General Internet Resources


Distances between places:

Facts and Trivia:

Facts and Trivia:

Maps - Old: [Jonathan Potter Limited]

Old Books:

Rare Books: